Author Topic: Walking around corfu  (Read 166390 times)

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Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #390 on: February 02, 2020, 10:03:06 AM »

HI

You can see this plant in Arillas March-May a lovely plant to see

Hyacinthoides You know this plant as Bluebells Hyacinthoides is classified in the subfamily Scilloideae (now part of the family Asparagaceae, but formerly treated as a separate family, called Hyacinthaceae),
According to the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as of July 2012, the genus contains 11 species and one interspecific hybrid. The majority of species are distributed around the Mediterranean Basin, with only one species, Hyacinthoides non-scripta (the familiar spring flower of bluebell woods in the British Isles and elsewhere) occurring further north in north-western Europe. Hyacinthoides species belong, according to analysis using molecular phylogenetics, to three groups
The leaves of the native bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta) are narrow by comparison to the Spanish Bluebell, (Hyacinthoides hispanica) about half an inch or so wide. Leaves of the Spanish bluebell are broader, often an inch or more wide and more 'fleshy'.
Each flower is (0.55–0.79 in) long, with two bracts at the base, and the six tepals are strongly recurved at their tips. The tepals are violet–blue. The three stamens in the outer whorl are fused to the perianth for more than 75% of their length, and bear cream-coloured pollen.

The Spanish bluebell, Hyacinthoides hispanica, was introduced into the UK by the Victorians as a garden plant, but escaped into the wild – it was first noted as growing ‘over the garden wall’ in 1909. It is likely that this escape occurred from both the carefree disposal of bulbs and pollination. Today, the Spanish bluebell can be found alongside our native bluebell in woodlands and along woodland edges, as well as on roadsides and in gardens.

Can you pick bluebells? Since 1998, native bluebells have been protected by Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act (WCA). It is illegal for anyone to collect native bluebells in the wild for the purpose of selling them.







All parts of the bluebell plant contain toxic glycosides that are poisonous to humans and animals including dogs, horses and cattle. Ingestion of any parts of the plant such as flowers, leaves or bulbs causes a lowering of the pulse rate, nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting.



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #391 on: February 03, 2020, 09:09:09 AM »


HI

morning glories


Ipomoea Other common names we know for this plant  water convolvulus or kangkung, sweet potato, bindweed, moonflower, the largest genus in the flowering plant family Convolvulaceae, with over 500 species.
The most widespread common name is morning glories, but there are also species in related genera bearing the same common name. Those formerly separated in Calonyction
(Greek καλός kalós "good" and νύξ, νυκτός núx, nuktós, "night") are called moonflowers. The generic name is derived from the Greek ἴψ, ἰπός (íps, ipós), meaning "woodworm", and ὅμοιος (hómoios), meaning "resembling." It refers to their twining habit. The genus occurs throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, and comprises annual and perennial herbaceous plants, lianas, shrubs and small trees; most of the species are twining climbing plants.
Most species have spectacular, colorful flowers and are often grown as ornamentals [As seen at the Brouklis deep blue Ipomoea 'purpurea]
 and a number of cultivars have been developed. Their deep flowers attract large Lepidoptera - especially Sphingidae such as the pink-spotted hawk moth (Agrius cingulata) - or even hummingbirds.
The genus includes food crops; the tubers of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) and the leaves of water spinach (I. aquatica) are commercially important food items and have been for millennia. The sweet potato is one of the Polynesian
Order:   Solanales
Family:   Convolvulaceae
Tribe:   Ipomoeeae
Genus:   Ipomoea
Ipomoea is a flower of duality, meaning either love or mortality.
 This plant is valuable due to its abundant flowering and rapid growth. Its impressive flowers attract pollinators,
 They have medium-sized flowers and can also be sown directly. The wild species has purple flowers (hence the scientific name Ipomoea 'purpurea'), but white, pink, violet, and blue shades are also available.
Habitat
 occurs in a variety of habitat types, including disturbed areas, It grows on prairie, riverbanks, lakeshores, and roadsides, and in cultivated and abandoned fields and meadows.






Fortunately, eating morning glory flowers is not dangerous, unless the child chokes. BUT the seeds can be poisonous, especially in large quantities. They contain a chemical similar to LSD. Symptoms can range widely, from diarrhea to hallucinations.
The particular species of the morning glory referred to as Ipomoea violacea and Ipomoea carnea are quite poisonous to dogs. When large quantities of seeds are eaten by dogs, it is the many lysergic alkaloids that cause distress. ... Lysergic alkaloids contained within the morning glory seeds and are toxic to dogs.





The plant is grown as an ornamental. It has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in many areas, often being classified as invasive
The plant is traditionally grown in living fences in the northwestern Himalayas, where it helps to exclude livestock and other animals; mark out land boundaries;



The seed is anthelmintic, diuretic and laxative  It is used in the treatment of oedema, oliguria, ascariasis and constipation
The seed contains small quantities of the hallucinogen LSD
 This has been used medicinally in the treatment of various mental disorders.







Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #392 on: February 04, 2020, 08:48:54 AM »


HI

Look out for this plant

Sea daffodil

Pancratium maritimum Known as the sea daffodil  is a species of bulbous plant native to the Canary Islands and both sides of the Mediterranean region and Black Sea from Portugal, Morocco and the Balearic Islands east to Turkey, Syria, Israel and the Caucasus. In the parts of its range on the south Bulgarian and north Turkish and Georgian coasts of Black Sea, it is threatened with extinction.[citation needed] It is also naturalized in southern California, Bermuda and the Azores.
Pancratium maritimum grows on beaches and coastal sand dunes, often with much of the leaves and scapes buried in the sand. Other vernacular names are sand daffodil, sand lily and lily of St. Nicholas. The specific epithet maritimum means "of the sea".
 mentioned in the Song of Solomon. Since the plant grows on the Sharon plain of the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, it is suggested the biblical passage may refer to this flower.
Easily grown but requires a very sunny position and a very well drained, sandy soil. Needs hot summers to induce flowering and is often a shy bloomer in cooler climates.
 Tolerates temperatures down to about −5 °C (23 °F). Propagation by seeds or division after flowering. Seedlings may flower in their third or fourth year.
Family:   Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily:   Amaryllidoideae
Genus:   Pancratium
Species:   P. maritimum
Binomial name
Pancratium maritimum
L.
Pancratium maritimum is a bulbous perennial with a long neck and glaucous, broadly linear leaves, evergreen, but the leaves often die back during hot summers. Scape to (16 in). Flowers 3–15 in an umbel, up to (6 in) long, white. Corona two-thirds as long as the tepals. The flowers have a pleasing, exotic and very subtle lily scent, which only becomes apparent during still, windless summer nights that allow the delicate fragrance to become perceptible. Flowering is from August to October
Evergreen Flowers are heavily scented
Habitat
Not only can this remarkable plant withstand the soaring temperatures of a Mediterranean summer, but it is also specially adapted to thrive in the harsh, salt-laden conditions of the sandy beaches which are its home.

HISTORY AND LEGEND
This elegant white flower has inspired artists from Minoan civilisation, who depicted its beauty on many
frescos, and in particular in Knossos Palace in Crete. Knossos is the biggest archaeological site of Cretan
Bronze Age, and probably the political centre and the ceremonial place of Minoan civilisation and culture. As
its flowers are ephemeral, Sea Lily is also linked to death, and the fact it is inevitable. That’s why we
associate it with the goddess Persephone (or Ariadne) who, following the mythology, was sentenced to
eternally spend by all the phases of life, including death, in order to come back to life again and again. In
Christian time, Sea Lily became a symbol of resurrection.








Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.  The bulb is somewhat poisonous


Pancratium maritimum would be used as a condiment. It is also said that the bulbs would be edible after being cooked. This report is somewhat dubious
The woolly hairs on the inside of the seed coat (should this say the seed case?) are used to weave felt shoes and other garments
the extract of the plant Pancratium maritimum can be used as a cosmetic agent inhibitor of melanogenesis induced by ultraviolet rays, in a cosmetic composition. Pancratium maritimum is the perennial bulbous plant of the amaryllidaceae family more commonly known as sea lily or lily of the sands.
This cream helps prevent and / or reduce sun pigmentation spots that appear after prolonged exposure to the sun and to prevent and / or fight against the signs of skin aging.
https://cosmeticobs.com/en/cosmetic-ingredient/sand-lily-extract-1954/


be used to treat asthma. This plant would enable to fight against malaria. Alkaloids in the bulb would be used, for example in Turkey, to prevent and fight against tumors, and several types of cancers. Pancratium Maritimum has an important value in the African shamanism.
- Hypotensive : reduces blood pressure
- Purgative








Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #393 on: February 05, 2020, 08:35:12 AM »


HI

Grape hyacinth


Muscari  The common name for the genus is grape hyacinth. , but they should not be confused with hyacinths.
A number of species of Muscari are used as ornamental garden plants.Flowers March to May.
Although there is a Wild Grape-hyacinth (Muscari neglectum) the vast majority of plants occurring in the wild are from cultivated stock (Muscari armeniacum). This is one of many cultivated plants that escapes into the wild and persists, at least for a time.
The genus Muscari originated in the Old World, including the Mediterranean basin, central and southern Europe, northern Africa, western, central and south-western Asia. It has become naturalized elsewhere, including northern Europe and the United States
 That many species of grape hyacinths, including not only Muscari but also the related Leopoldia and Pseudomuscari, are difficult to distinguish  They usually have one or more narrow leaves which arise from a bulb. The flowers appear in the spring and form a spike or raceme, being held in a close or loose spiral around a central stalk. The flowers often become less tightly spaced as the flower matures. The flower colour varies from pale blue to a very dark blue, almost black in some cases (albino forms are also known). In some species the upper flowers may be of a different colour and shape to the lower flowers. Individual flowers are composed of six fused tepals forming a spherical to obovoid shape, constricted at the end to form a mouth around which the ends of the tepals show as small lobes or "teeth", which may be of a different colour to the rest of the tepal.
Family:   Asparagaceae
Subfamily:   Scilloideae
Genus:   Muscari
Mill.
As of November 2011, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts 42 species:
Habitat
Verges, ditches, rubbish tips dry grassland and cultivated ground often close to habitation.
Sun or Shade: Plant muscari in full sun or partial shade. ... Soil Conditions: Bulbs should be planted in good soil that is well-drained and never soggy. Peat moss or compost may be added at planting time to help improve drainage.






Some reports say UNKOWN, NONE Poisonous not sure don't eat them The bulb is poisonous. It contains a substance called comisic acid, which is said to act like saponin. Although poisonous, saponins are poorly absorbed by the human body and so most pass through without harm. Saponins are quite bitter and can be found in many common foods such as some beans. They can be removed by carefully leaching the seed or flour in running water. Thorough cooking, and perhaps changing the cooking water once, will also normally remove most of them. However, it is not advisable to eat large quantities of food that contain saponins. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish.


Edibility. Far from being poisonous, some species of grape hyacinth are actually edible. The flowers of Muscari botryoides, for instance, have a sour, slightly grapey taste. ... When eaten, these flowers may leave behind a bitter aftertaste, so they're not to everyone's liking.
Cobalt blue flowers and sweet fragrance entice bees. Given that 90% of flowering plants need assistance for pollination, Muscari is a hard-working plant needing bees. Clump flowering plants like Muscari will have scores of bees foraging the plants at the same time.
Gardens,Parks,Tubs,Pots,



Medicinal Uses None known




Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #394 on: February 06, 2020, 08:35:20 AM »


HI

European wild ginger

Asarum europaeum Commonly known as asarabacca, European wild ginger, hazelwort, and wild spikenard,
flowering plant in the birthwort family Aristolochiaceae, native to large parts of temperate Europe, and also cultivated in gardens. It is a creeping evergreen perennial with glossy green, kidney shaped leaves and solitary dull purple flowers hidden by the leaves. Though its roots have a ginger aroma, it is not closely related to the true culinary ginger Zingiber officinale, which originates in tropical Asian rainforests. It is sometimes harvested for use as a spice or a flavoring. In former days, it was used in snuff and also medicinally as an emetic and cathartic.
The prostrate stems are (3.9–5.9 in) long, each bearing two reniform leaves with long petioles. The leaves are about 10 cm wide. The upper surface of the leaves is shiny, and they have a pepper-like taste and smell. There are also 2 to 3 stipules present that occur in two rows opposite each other on the stem. The flowers are solitary, terminal and nodding. The flower tube is composed of fused tepals that ends with 3 petal-like projections that are brownish towards their ends and dark purple toward the centre. There are 12 stamens present. The flowers emerge in the late winter and spring
Family:   Aristolochiaceae
Genus:   Asarum
Species:   A. europaeum
Binomial name
Asarum europaeum
HABITAT
Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; not Deep Shade; Ground Cover;
Asarum europaeum has a wide distribution in Europe. It ranges from southern Finland and northern Russia south to southern France, Italy,Greece, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia and Bulgaria. It is absent from the British Isles and Scandinavia, and also from northwestern Germany and the Netherlands. Within Europe, the plant is grown outside of its range in the United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands

Landscape Uses:Border, Ground cover, Massing, Rock garden, Woodland garden. Prefers a rich moist neutral to acid soil in woodland or a shady position in the rock garden. Other reports say that this plant prefers a calcareous soil. Plants are hardy to at least -15°c. The flowers are malodorous and are pollinated by flies. The root has a pungent, aromatic smell like mild pepper and ginger mixed, but more strongly aromatic. Plants often self-sow when growing in a suitable position. This plant was at one time commonly cultivated as a medicinal herb. Special Features: Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Naturalizing, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms.It throws out dark purple flowers in March and April, but you'll have to hunt about under the leaves to find them. Although the roots may have a whiff of ginger, this isn't an edible plant.





The plant is poisonous in large doses, the toxin is neutralized by drying.
The real prize is the wild ginger rhizome. They're very small, but they're tasty and flavorful. Unfortunately, they're ever so mildly toxic. ... Unlike tropical ginger, much of the flavor is in the stems and leaves rather than the rhizome.
European Wild Ginger has long been noted to be more toxic than our eastern American species



Wild ginger, Asarum canadense, is unrelated to commercially available ginger; however, it is named wild ginger because of the similar taste and smell of the roots. Early European settlers used to dry the rootstalk, grind it to a powder and use it as a spice.
landscape,gardens,: An excellent ground cover for shaded spots.





Wild ginger is also known as colic root since it's used to treat colic, upset stomach, indigestion and cramps. The root contains antibiotic substances, and it can be chopped into a poultice that's used under plantain leaves to treat open wounds and skin inflammation.
Asarabacca has a long history of herbal use dating back at least to the time of the ancient Greeks, though it is little used in modern herbalism. The root, leaves and stems are cathartic, diaphoretic, emetic, errhine, sternutatory, stimulant and tonic. The plant has a strong peppery taste and smell. It is used in the treatment of affections of the brain, eyes, throat and mouth. When taken as a snuff, it produces a copious flow of mucous. The root is harvested in the spring and dried for later use. Use with caution, see the notes above on toxicity. An essential oil in the root contains 50% asarone and is 65% more toxic than peppermint oil. This essential oil is the emetic and expectorant principle of the plant and is of value in the treatment of digestive tract lesions, silicosis, dry pharyngeal and laryngeal catarrh etc.




Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #395 on: February 10, 2020, 09:12:07 AM »


HI

You can see this plant from March-September around Arillas

IRIS

Iris unknown comon name  is a genus of 260–300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. Some authors state that the name refers to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. As well as being the scientific name, iris is also widely used as a common name for all Iris species, as well as some belonging to other closely related genera. A common name for some species is 'flags', while the plants of the subgenus Scorpiris are widely known as 'junos', particularly in horticulture. It is a popular garden flower.
Family:   Iridaceae
Subfamily:   Iridoideae
Tribe:   Irideae
Genus:   Iris
Irises are perennial plants, growing from creeping rhizomes (rhizomatous irises) or, in drier climates, from bulbs (bulbous irises). They have long, erect flowering stems which may be simple or branched, solid or hollow, and flattened or have a circular cross-section. The rhizomatous species usually have 3–10 basal sword-shaped leaves growing in dense clumps. The bulbous species have cylindrical, basal leaves.
The inflorescences are in the shape of a fan and contain one or more symmetrical six-lobed flowers. These grow on a pedicel or peduncle. The three sepals, which are usually spreading or droop downwards, are referred to as "falls". They expand from their narrow base (the "claw" or "haft" ), into a broader expanded portion ("limb" or "blade") and can be adorned with veining, lines or dots. In the centre of the blade, some of the rhizomatous irises have a "beard" (a tuft of short upright extensions growing in its midline), which are the plants filaments
Iris is extensively grown as ornamental plant in home and botanical gardens. Presby Memorial Iris Gardens in New Jersey, for example, is a living iris museum with over 10,000 plants, while in Europe the most famous iris garden is arguably the Giardino dell'Iris in Florence (Italy) which every year hosts a well attended iris breeders' competition. Irises, especially the multitude of bearded types, feature regularly in shows such as the Chelsea Flower Show.
Bearded Irises have been popular forever, and no wonder. They are very easy to grow, and, especially in recent years, put on one of the truly great flower shows in the garden. Bearded Iris bloom is in “late spring,” after the tulips and daffodils, and often with oriental poppies and peonies. There are six official classifications of Bearded Irises, based mostly on their heights, but the one everyone is interest in is called, not surprisingly, “Tall Bearded Irises.” They grow from • Flowering perennials 4 inches to 6 feet tall, in spreading clumps of bulbs or rhizomes. And the spectacular flowers measure from 1 to 7 inches across.
HABITAT
The habitat of irises also varies a lot. Some irises grow in deserts, some in swamps, some in the cold far north, and many in temperate climates.

Bulbing European iris (subgenus Xiphium)  includes irises generally of European descent, and are also classified as Dutch, English, or Spanish iris.


 


The bulbs of irises are poisonous, possibly only mildly so. Irises contain the potentially toxic compounds irisin, iridin, or irisine. Symptoms of Poisoning: The gastrointestinal tract may become affected by the glycoside iridin, causing nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and fever.


Rhizomes of the German Iris (I. germanica) and Sweet Iris (I. pallida) are traded as orris root and are used in perfume and medicine, though more common in ancient times than today. Today Iris essential oil (absolute) from flowers are sometimes used in aromatherapy as sedative medicines.  The dried rhizomes are also given whole to babies to help in teething. Gin brands such as Bombay Sapphire and Magellan Gin use orris root and sometimes iris flowers for flavor and color.
Gardens,Parks,Landscape



Antispasmodic, aperient, aromatic, attenuant, carminative, detoxicant, diuretic, emetic, emmenagogue, expectorant, fixative, laxative, pectoral, purgative, sedative.



http://www.greekmedicine.net/A_Greek_and_Unani_Herbal/herb.php?id=15



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #396 on: February 11, 2020, 08:32:02 AM »


HI

I was in Arillas a few years ago taking some photos of this plant when someone came up to me and asked what is

Common fig


Ficus carica

 an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig (or just the fig). It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. Native to the Middle East and western Asia, it has been sought out and cultivated since ancient times and is now widely grown throughout the world, both for its fruit and as an ornamental plant. The species has become naturalized in scattered locations in Asia and North America.

Ficus carica is a gynodioecious, functionally dioecious, deciduous tree or large shrub that grows up to 7–10 metres (23–33 ft) tall, with smooth white bark. Its fragrant foliage is (4.7–9.8 in) long and  (3.9–7.1 in) wide, and deeply lobed with 3 or 5 lobes. The complex inflorescence consists of a hollow fleshy structure denominated the "syconium", which is lined with numerous unisexual flowers. The flowers are not visible outside the syconium because they bloom inside the infructescence. Although commonly denominated a "fruit", the fig is in truth the infructescence or scion of the tree, known as a "false fruit" or "multiple fruit", which bears the flowers and seeds. It is a hollow-ended stem that contains many flowers. The small orifice, denominated the "ostiole", that is visible on the middle of the fruit is a narrow passage, which allows the specialized fig wasp, Blastophaga psenes to enter the fruit and pollinate the flowers, after which the fruit grows seeds.





None Only  phytophotodermatitis from the SAP  also known as berloque dermatitis or margarita photodermatitis, is a cutaneous phototoxic inflammatory reaction resulting from contact with a light-sensitizing botanical agent followed by exposure to ultraviolet light (from the sun, for instance).

More about the Fig just scroll down
https://www.arillas.com/forum/index.php/topic,10517.msg146926.html#msg146926



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #397 on: February 12, 2020, 08:23:06 AM »


HI

Fool's parsley

Aethusa cynapium ) is an annual (rarely biennial) herb in the plant family Apiaceae, native to Europe, western Asia, and northwest Africa. It is the only member of the genus Aethusa. It is related to Hemlock and Water-dropwort, and like them it is poisonous, though less so than hemlock. It has been introduced into many other parts of the world and is a common weed in cultivated ground.
It has a fusiform root and a smooth hollow branched stem growing to about 80 cm (31 in) high, with much divided (ternately pinnate) smooth leaves with an unpleasant smell, and small compound umbels of small irregular white flowers.
Fruit: Egg-shaped, ovoid, flattened from the back, 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in.) long two-parted schizocarp, thick-ridged, narrowly winged.
Flowering time: July–August.
The leaves are dark green, 2 to 3 times pinnate with each leaf segment finely divided like those of true parsley. Lower leaves are on slender stalks, the upper sessile or nearly so. Leaves have a very disagreeable odor when crushed.





Toxicity: While less poisonous than the Hemlocks of the Cicuta genus, this plant will still cause severe suffering from burning sensations. Symptoms of the poisoning are heat in the mouth and throat and redness in the windpipe, gullet and stomach. The active principal is the alkaloid 'Cynopine'.

More about this plant just scroll down

https://www.arillas.com/forum/index.php/topic,10517.msg145010.html#msg145010



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #398 on: February 13, 2020, 09:24:57 AM »


HI

I am going to explain the differences between FOOL'S PARSLEY AND COW'S PARSLEY AND HEMLOCK

cow parsley

Anthriscus sylvestris Common names are cow parsley, wild chervil, wild beaked parsley, or keck is a herbaceous biennial or short-lived perennial plant in the family Apiaceae
Family:   Apiaceae
Genus:   Anthriscus
Species:   A. sylvestris
Binomial name
Anthriscus sylvestris
 It is native to Europe, western Asia and northwestern Africa; in the south of its range in the Mediterranean region, it is limited to higher altitudes. It is related to other diverse members of Apiaceae, such as parsley, carrot, hemlock and hogweed.
 It is often confused with Daucus carota which is known as Queen Anne's lace or wild carrot, also a member of the Apiaceae.
The hollow stem grows to a height of 60–170 cm (24–67 in), branching to umbels of small white flowers. Flowering time is mid spring to early summer.

The tripinnate leaves are 15–30 cm (5.9–11.8 in) long and have a triangular form. The leaflets are ovate and subdivided.
Cow parsley grows in sunny to semi-shaded locations in meadows and at the edges of hedgerows and woodland. It is a particularly common sight by the roadside. It is sufficiently common and fast-growing to be considered a nuisance weed in gardens. Cow parsley's ability to grow rapidly through rhizomes and to produce large quantities of seeds in a single growing season has made it an invasive species in many areas of the United States. Vermont has listed cow parsley on its "Watch List" of invasive species, while Massachusetts has banned the sale of the plant.[citation needed] It is classed as a Class B Noxious Weed in the State of Washington since 1989, where its sale is also banned. In Iceland, cow parsley has been classified as an alien invasive species
HABITAT
The flowers are white and form open, lacy umbels from April to June, followed by smooth dark seeds. A robust short lived perennial found on moist or shaded fertile soils. Most characteristic of hedgerows and road verges but also found on woodland edges and in neglected pastures and hay meadows.

Fool's Parsley=Aethusa cynapium  underneath the flowers, it has really long green bracts that droop downwards.

Cow Parsley=Anthriscus sylvestris   doesn't have any such thing. Although the stem of Cow Parsley can have vaguely purple joints or can be quite darkly coloured,

Henlock=Conium maculatum,  has purple blotches
Whilst cow parsley often has a pinkish hue to the stem,
 hemlock has very distinctive purple blotches on a green stem
Cow parsley is slightly hairy, hemlock has smooth stems.
Cow parsley stems have a groove, a bit like celery, hemlock doesn't have this.

Cow parsley has many country names, such as wild chervil and Queen Anne’s lace. There are many stories to explain the origins of this latter name. Some say as Queen Anne travelled around the country in May, she thought that the roadsides had been specifically decorated for her! Others claimed that as Queen Anne suffered from asthma, she would often take walks in the countryside for fresh air. As she passed the flowers of cow parsley, they reminded her of the lace pillows that her ladies-in-waiting carried, and so created this name for them.
Cow Parsley and the deadly Hemlock often grow next to each other.

Very hard to tell the difference not sure dont EAT












NONE
Cow parsley can be mistaken for several similar-looking poisonous plants, among them poison hemlock and fool's parsley. Cow parsley is considered to be edible, though having a somewhat unpleasant flavour, sharper than garden chervil, with a hint of carrot, to which it is related.


Cow parsley is one of the most common plants found in ditches and meadows around the world The plant has a strong, malty scent that is very attractive to insects and bees, making it an ideal plant for the back of a wildlife border or for a meadow garden.


Cow parsley was used in traditional medicines and is said to help treat various ailments, such as stomach and kidney problems, breathing difficulties and colds. It has always been used as mosquito repellent.
The leaves and stems of Cow parsley have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, anti-epileptic, antiviral and fungistat properties.
The expectorant properties of these herbs make them beneficial for cough, cold and asthma.
These plants are also believed to be able to prevent cancer.
These anti-depressant, anti-anxiety and anti-stress herbs are beneficial for insomnia and sleeplessness.
They are believed to be able to fight infertility
Various researches show these plants to have the potential for working as an alternate medicine for various health disorders such as alzheimer’s disease, crohn’s disease, parkinson’s disease.
They are also beneficial for diabetes and leukemia.


More about wild carrot and Hemlock just click and scroll down


https://www.arillas.com/forum/index.php/topic,10517.msg146710.html#msg146710



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #399 on: February 14, 2020, 08:40:20 AM »


HI

Corn Daisy

Glebionis segetum Known as  corn marigold and corn daisy.  is a species of the genus Glebionis, probably native only to the eastern Mediterranean region but now naturalized in western and northern Europe as well as China and parts of North America.
Glebionis segetum is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall, with spirally arranged, deeply lobed leaves 5–20 cm long. The flowers are bright yellow, produced in capitula (flowerheads) 3.5-5.5 cm in diameter, with a ring of ray florets and a centre of disc florets
Glebionis segetum is widely naturalised outside of its native range, colonising western and central Europe with early human agriculture; it can be an invasive weed in some areas.
Family:   Asteraceae
Genus:   Glebionis
Species:   G. segetum
Binomial name
Glebionis segetum
 it also was ranked very highly, in terms of nectar production,
 The plant strongly attracts very small butterflies
This short to medium height annual is unmistakeable in flower (June to October) with its large bright yellow daisy-like compound flower head. The leaves are slightly fleshy, lobed, hairless and covered with a waxy layer that gives them a greenish blue colour.

In Greece, the leaves and the tender shoots of a variety called neromantilida (νερομαντηλίδα) are eaten raw in salads or browned in hot olive oil by the locals









Did you know?
It is a good plant for bees, butterflies and moths, and is the food plant of the Chamomile Shark Moth. In the East, the young shoots are eaten as a vegetable, particularly in China. It was a familiar sight in 16th Century English gardens.
Common names often refer to the colour (gold, golden cornflower, golden daisy, sunflower, yellow bottle, yellow horse daisy, yellow moons and yellow ox-eye) but also include some rather curious names like boodle, bozel, bozzom and buddle.
In his 1640 Theatrum Botanicum, John Parkinson described the use of Corn Marigold in midsummer garlands and hung up on houses.
There are plenty of associated Anglo-Saxon place-names such as Goldhanger in Essex, Goldor in Oxfordshire, Golding in Shropshire, Goltho in Lincolnshire and Gowdall in the West Riding.
Grigson remarks on not only the charming green and yellow of Corn Marigold but also 'the oddly attractive scent of the flowers'.


More about this plant

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Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #400 on: February 16, 2020, 10:48:44 AM »


Hi

I was looking back i have not done this plant so here it is

Paperflower

Bougainvillea a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, or trees. The inflorescence consists of large colourful sepallike bracts which surround three simple waxy flowers. It is native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina. Different authors accept from four to 18 species in the genus.
Bougainvillea are popular ornamental plants in most areas with warm climates, such as Florida and South Carolina[5], and across the Mediterranean Basin.
The first European to describe these plants was Philibert Commerçon, a botanist accompanying French Navy admiral Louis Antoine de Bougainville during his voyage of circumnavigation of the Earth,
Many of today's bougainvillea are the result of interbreeding among only three out of the eighteen South American species recognised by botanists. Currently, there are over 300 varieties of bougainvillea around the world. Because many of the hybrids have been crossed over several generations,
Bougainvillea is also a very attractive genus for Bonsai enthusiasts, due to their ease of training and their radiant flowering during the spring. They can be kept as indoor houseplants in temperate regions and kept small by bonsai techniques.
Family:   Nyctaginaceae
Tribe:   Bougainvilleeae
Genus:   Bougainvillea
Comm. ex Juss.
HABITAT
Bougainvillea is native to coastal areas in South America and has a high tolerance for salt, making it a good choice for coastal gardens. A newly planted bougainvillea benefits from regular watering to allow its delicate root system to grow deeply and spread throughout the soil.
Bougainvillea likes a climate from subtropical to tropical, but prefers a tropical climate, growing in dense forests where it can cling and grab onto other plants to reach the sunlight.
Just about anywhere

Bougainvillea
Dose not have flowers
In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale. Bracts are often (but not always) different from foliage leaves. They may be smaller, larger, or of a different color, shape, or texture. Typically, they also look different from the parts of the flower, such as the petals or sepals. The state of having bracts is referred to as bracteate or bracteolate, and conversely the state of lacking them is referred to as ebracteate and ebracteolate, without bracts.
Some bracts are brightly-coloured and serve the function of attracting pollinators, either together with the perianth or instead of it. Examples of this type of bract include Euphorbia pulcherrima (poinsettia) and Bougainvillea: both of these have large colourful bracts surrounding much smaller, less colourful flowers.





Toxicity. The sap of the bougainvillea plant is only mildly toxic, but if ingested in large enough quantities, it can lead to illness. Bougainvillea's leaves are not toxic, but a prick from the plant's sharp thorns can lead to dermatitis, a skin rash typically caused by an allergic reaction.


To cover a wall old building or just let it grow over Taverna as seen in Arillas
 bougainvillea can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates. In the landscape, it makes an excellent hot season plant, and its drought tolerance makes it ideal for warm climates year-round.



The aqueous extract and decoction of this plant have been used as fertility control among the tribal people in many countries. Furthermore, it has been shown to possess anticancer, antidiabetic, antihepatotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antihyperlipidemic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiulcer properties.
Bougainvillea leaves are used to cure variety of disorders like for diarrhea, and to reduce stomach acidity. It is used for cough and sore throat. Infusion of flowers used as treatment for low blood pressure.. Leaves are use to cure diabetes 2.
It's been a long time interest bougainvillea much used as a medicinal plant. First time wearing flowers bougainvillea as a drug developed by Filiphiness then spread to several countries in Europe, America and Asia. It is often associated with compounds that are found in all parts of the flower bougainvillea. Some types of these compounds include:
tannin
pinitol
alkaloids
betasianin
flavonoids
oxalic acid (part of the leaf)
phenolic compounds
glycosides
antrakuinon
These Terpenoids
Saponins
steroids
essential oils
fat
protein
The Substitute Of Antibiotics

Antibiotics are often used as drugs specifically to tackle the spread of the disease-causing bacteria in the body. in an experiment that was developed in the United States, then it is evident that the methanol extract of flowers contain a special bougenville acts as a natural antibiotic. Up to now this research continues and developed to know the side effects and risks.
Clean The Air Quality

Flower bougenville has an effect that is very good for improving the quality of air and water. These flowers have a very good effect to suppress pollution caused due todirty air, climate change conditions and various effects timbale of fuel the vehicle. Because that's the flower very useful as bougenville ornamental plants in its path and home.
Treat Coughs
Maintaining The Balance Of Cholesterol












Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #401 on: February 17, 2020, 08:44:35 AM »


HI

You will see this tree along the front of Arillas in pink or white fowers


Tamarisk Common names are tamarisk, salt cedar,Athel tamarisk, Athel tree, Athel pine,  is composed of about 50–60 species of flowering plants in the family Tamaricaceae, native to drier areas of Eurasia and Africa. The generic name originated in Latin and may refer to the Tamaris River in Hispania Tarraconensis (Spain).
They are evergreen or deciduous shrubs  or trees growing to 1–18 m in height and forming dense thickets. The largest, Tamarix aphylla, is an evergreen tree that can grow to 18 m tall. They usually grow on saline soils, tolerating up to 15,000 ppm soluble salt and can also tolerate alkaline conditions.
Tamarisks are characterized by slender branches and grey-green foliage. The bark of young branches is smooth and reddish brown. As the plants age, the bark becomes bluish-purple, ridged and furrowed.
The leaves are scale-like, almost like that of junipers 1–2 mm long, and overlap each other along the stem. They are often encrusted with salt secretions.
The pink to white flowers appear in dense masses on 5–10 cm long spikes at branch tips from March to September, though some species (e.g., T. aphylla) tend to flower during the winter.
Fruit of tamarisk is capsule filled with numerous seed. Capsule splits into three or five parts to release seed. Each seed has tuft of hairs which facilitate dispersal by wind. Tamarisk produces up to 200.000 seed per year.











More about this plant and uses Click and scroll down

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Offline Billy M

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #402 on: February 17, 2020, 06:36:13 PM »



That’s the tree we pruned the other week well you pruned I cleared up putting it though the chipper it looks like it

Billy m



Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #403 on: February 18, 2020, 08:55:20 AM »


Hi

Yes it was Billy

Fennel

You can see this plant all over ARILLAS you know it is FENNEL by the  aromatic anise, smell

Foeniculum vulgare  flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.
 A highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cookery and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Florence fennel or finocchio
Family:   Apiaceae
Genus:   Foeniculum
Species:   F. vulgare
Binomial name
Foeniculum vulgare
Fennel is native to the Mediterranean, and is cultivated throughout Europe, Asia, India, Australia, and North America. The herb is a biennial or perennial grown in temperate climates, and an annual when grown in colder climates
The Greek name for fennel is marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος), and the place of the famous battle of Marathon literally means a plain with fennel. The word is first attested in Mycenaean Linear B form as ma-ra-tu-wo. In Hesiod's Theogony, Prometheus steals the ember of fire from the gods in a hollow fennel stalk
As Old English finule, fennel is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century.
HABITAT
Found most often in dry stony calcareous soils near the sea,roadside,wastground,
Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is a perennial herb. It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems. The leaves grow up to  (16 in) long; they are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filiform (threadlike), about 0.5 millimetres  wide. (Its leaves are similar to those of dill, but thinner.) The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels (2–6 in) wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. The fruit is a dry schizocarp from 4–10 millimetres  long, half as wide or less, and grooved. Since the seed in the fruit is attached to the pericarp, the whole fruit is often mistakenly called "seed".
Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored leaves and fruits. Its aniseed flavor comes from anethole, an aromatic compound also found in anise and star anise, and its taste and aroma are similar to theirs, though usually not as strong


https://i.imgur.com/cDZApEp.jpg

NONE  BUT Some people can have allergic skin reactions to fennel. People who are allergic to plants such as celery, carrot, and mugwort are more likely to also be allergic to fennel. Fennel can also make skin extra sensitive to sunlight and make it easier to get a sunburn.


Cuisine The fennel bulb can be eaten raw or cooked — both have their perks! When raw, fennel is crunchy and sweet; once cooked, it becomes silky soft. Raw or cooked, fennel has a faint flavor of licorice or anise.
 fennel seeds are eaten on a regular basis, they provide the body with valuable minerals like zinc, calcium and selenium. These minerals are very helpful to balance hormones and in helping up the oxygen balance. When consumed, fennel has a cooling impact on the skin, hence giving a healthy glow.
Essential oil
Fennel is also used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes.



Eating fennel and its seeds may benefit heart health in a number of ways, as they’re packed with fiber — a nutrient shown to reduce certain heart disease risk factors like high cholesterol.
The wide array of powerful plant compounds in fennel may help protect against chronic diseases, including certain cancers.
For example, anethole — one of the main active compounds in fennel seeds — has been found to exhibit
Fennel tea may aid healthy digestion, and treat bloating, gas, or cramps, and may also act as a diuretic. According to herbalists, fennel seed is an effective aid to digestion. It can help the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal system relax and reduce gas, bloating, and stomach cramps.
 colic in infants. It is also used for upper respiratory tract infections, coughs, bronchitis, cholera, backache, bedwetting, and visual problems.
The fiber, potassium, folate, vitamin C, vitamin B-6, and phytonutrient content in fennel, Fiber decreases the risk of heart disease as it helps reduce the total amount of cholesterol in the blood.
 fennel and its seeds offer a wide array of health benefits and may provide antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial effects.
relieve flatulence
encourage urination
boost metabolism
treat hypertension
improve eyesight
prevent glaucoma
regulate appetite
clear mucus from the airways
stimulate milk production in nursing women
speed digestion
reduce gas
reduce stress
detoxify the body









Offline kevin-beverly

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Re: Walking around corfu
« Reply #404 on: February 19, 2020, 08:56:27 AM »


HI


You can see this plant around Arillas also outside Ammos in pots

I have done this plant before but i have gone more in detail

Cock's comb

Celosia  Is a small genus of edible and ornamental plants in the amaranth family, Amaranthaceae. The generic name is derived from the Ancient Greek word κήλεος (kḗleos), meaning "burning", and refers to the flame-like flower heads. Species are commonly known as woolflowers, or, if the flower heads are crested by fasciation, cockscombs. The plants are well known in East Africa's highlands and are used under their Swahili name, mfungu.
 It grows widespread across Mexico, where it is known as "velvet flower",
northern South America, tropical Africa, the West Indies, South, East and Southeast Asia where it is grown as a native or naturalized wildflower, europe,mediterranean
Celosia argentea var. argentea or Lagos spinach (a.k.a. quail grass, soko, celosia, feather cockscomb) is a broadleaf annual leaf vegetable.
HABITAT
Having been cultivated in North America since the 18th century, Celosias are native to the tropical and subtropical Americas, Africa and Asia and are considered to be weeds in their native habitat. Celosia range in size from 6-inch dwarf varieties, to vigorous types more than three feet tall.
Commonly called “cockscomb”, these species have plumed, huge spiked blossoms, usually crimson or yellow, that look like a rooster's comb. The other common type, called “woolflower” is crested with a twisted formation and a more feathery, globular shape.
 in full sun or partial shade. Alternatively, you can start celosia indoors four weeks before the last frost.
Celosia argentea is a tender annual that is often grown in gardens. It blooms in mid-spring to summer. It is propagated by seeds. The seeds are extremely small, up to 43,000 seeds per ounce. The flowers are hermaphrodites.
Family:   Amaranthaceae
Subfamily:   Amaranthoideae
Tribe:   Celosieae
Genus:   Celosia
Celosia is a genus of about 50 species in the family Amaranthaceae,
Celosia symbolism:
Celosia symbolize
 immortality, affection, warmth, humor and friendship.





The Flamingo Feather can be seen at the TRIA

NONE



Celosia is primarily used as a leafy vegetable. The leaves and tender stems are cooked into soups, sauces or stews with various ingredients including other vegetables such as onions, hot pepper and tomato, and with meat or fish and palm oil. Celosia leaves are tender and break down easily when cooked only briefly.
The texture is soft; the flavor very mild and spinach-like. These boiled greens are often added to stews. They are also pepped up with such things as garlic, hot pepper, fresh lime, and red palm oil and eaten as a side dish.
Belonging to the edible and ornamental amaranth family, celosia is characterized by a soft, wooly, flamed bloom or a fascinating, cockscomb tip. ... The leaves offer a spinach-like flavor with basil-like texture while the flowers vary depending on the soil they're grown in.
Landscape, Parks, tubs, Pots, Gardening,




The flowers and seed are astringent, haemostatic, ophthalmic, parasiticide and poultice. They are used in the treatment of bloody stool, haemorrhoid bleeding, uterine bleeding, leucorrhoea, dysentery and diarrhoea
 Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for centuries, celosia works its magic in cases of retinal degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, blurred vision, cataracts and bloodshot eyes. This impressive botanical is also used to treat uterine bleeding, bloody stool and bleeding hemorrhoids.
 As a parasiticide it is very effective against Trichomonas, a 20% extract can cause the Trichomonas to disappear in 15 minutes
 It is used in the treatment of bloodshot eyes, blurring of vision, cataracts and hypertension, but should not be used by people with glaucoma because it dilates the pupils. The seed also has an antibacterial action, inhibiting the growth of Pseudomonas.