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Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu / Re: Walking around corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 15, 2019, 09:26:19 AM »



Asphodelus is a genus of mainly perennial plants  Now placed in the family Asphodelaceae, the genus was formerly included in the lily family (Liliaceae). can be seen flowering up to June. It was used to treat several diseases by the Greeks and Romans. The roots are used to make a glue used by bookmakers and shoemakers.
The plants are hardy herbaceous perennials with narrow tufted radical leaves and an elongated stem bearing a handsome spike of white or yellow flowers. Asphodelus albus and A. fistulosus have white flowers and grow from 1½ to 2 ft. high
 A. ramosus is a larger plant, the large white flowers of which have a reddish-brown line in the middle of each segment.
 The genus is native to temperate Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian Subcontinent, and now naturalized in other places (New Zealand, Australia, Mexico, southwestern United States,

In Greek legend the asphodel is one of the most famous of the plants connected with the dead and the underworld. Homer
describes it as covering the great meadow the haunt of the dead  It was planted on graves
 Its general connection with death is due no doubt to the greyish colour of its leaves and its yellowish flowers, which suggest the gloom of the underworld and the pallor of death.
The asphodel was also supposed to be a remedy for poisonous snake-bites
 Habitats, Dry sandy or rocky places in fields, track-sides and uncultivated ...
The Asphodel Meadows is a section of the ancient Greek underworld where ordinary souls were sent to live after death.
According to Victorian Flower Language, asphodel is a type of lily meaning 'My regrets follow you to the grave' and wormwood means 'absence' and also typically symbolized bitter sorrow. If you combined that, it meant 'I bitterly regret Lily's death'.

UNKNOWN  Only the The root is poisonous.

An alcohol can be obtained from the fermented roots.
Asphodel was planted amongst the tombs

The tubers are antidermatosic, detergent, emollient and vulnerary. They are mainly used externally in the treatment of skin conditions and for lightening freckles. They have also been employed internally as a cough remedy.

Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu / Re: Walking around corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 14, 2019, 09:17:32 AM »



European grapevine = Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region-A grape is a fruit, botanically a berry, of the deciduous woody vines
The wild grape is often classified as V. vinifera subsp. sylvestris (in some classifications considered Vitis sylvestris), with V. vinifera subsp. vinifera restricted to cultivated forms
The grape is eaten fresh, processed to make wine or juice, or dried to produce raisins
 Cultivars of Vitis vinifera form the basis of the majority of wines produced around the world. All of the familiar wine varieties belong to Vitis vinifera, which is cultivated on every continent except for Antarctica, and in all the major wine regions of the world.
Humans are known to have interacted with the Vitis vinifera in the Neolithic period.also known as the "New Stone Age  began about 12,000 years ago
The term Neolithic derives from the Greek νέος néos, "new" and λίθος líthos, "stone", literally meaning "New Stone Age"
Use of grapes is known to date back to Neolithic times, following the discovery in 1996 of 7,000-year-old wine storage jars in present-day northern Iran
There are currently between 5,000 and 10,000 varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes though only a few are of commercial significance for wine and table grape production.
The liana growing to 32 m in length, with flaky bark. The leaves are alternate, palmately lobed
[A liana is any of various long-stemmed, woody vines that are rooted in the soil at ground level and use trees, as well as other means of vertical support, to climb up to the canopy to get access to well-lit areas of the forest]


USES Wine, Jam, Juice, grape seed oil. vinegar, jelly,raisins, Woodwork craft projects

Made fron the vines trunk

Health Benefits of Eating Grapes
 Vitamins C and K.                                                         
May Protect Against Certain Types of Cancer                     
Alzheimer’s disease:                                                                                                     
Breast cancer:                                                                 
For vision:                                                                     
Indigestion: Blood cholesterol:                                                   
Kidney disorders:                                                           
Antibacterial activity:
Protection against sunburns:
Anti-ageing benefits:
Skin softener:
Rejuvenates the skin:
Cures uneven skin tone:
Treatment of dandruff:
Lightens scars:
Power up Your Weight Loss:
Protect Your Heart:
Mop Up Brain Damaging Plaques:
Cancer radiation:
Immune System:
LDL cholesterol:
Supports Muscle Recovery:
Bone Health: 
Fight Diabetes:
Improve Brain Power:

Photo Gallery Board / Re: A to Z - Photographs of Arillas and Corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 13, 2019, 10:59:59 AM »



kev sep 2018
Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu / Re: Walking around corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 12, 2019, 11:20:09 AM »


European beech or common beech,

Fagus sylvatica  is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae  reaching heights of up to 50 m though more typically 25–35 m A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m a typical lifespan of 150–200 years, though sometimes up to 300 years. In cultivated forest stands trees are normally harvested at 80–120 years of age Although often regarded as native in southern England, Habitat
Habitat Damp heavy soils of forests, parks, avenues, and hedges.
Recent evidence suggests that F. sylvatica did not arrive in England until about 4000 BC, or 2,000 years after the English Channel formed after the ice ages;
Since the early 19th century there have been numerous cultivars of European beech made by horticultural selection, often repeatedly; they include: Copper Beech or Purple Beech (Fagus sylvatica purpurea) – leaves purple
Golden beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Zlatia') – leaves golden in spring
Dawyck beech (Fagus sylvatica 'Dawyck') – fastigiate (columnar) growth – occurs in green, gold and purple forms; named after Dawyck Botanic Garden in the Scottish Borders
dwarf beech (Fagus sylvatica Tortuosa Group) – distinctive twisted trunk and branches

European beech                             Copper Beech or Purple Beech


. Beech trees flower in the spring, shortly after their new leaves appear, and produce a triangular shaped fruit called beechnuts in the fall. Beechnuts have historically been consumed for food, but they are high in tannins and have a strong bitter taste. In large quantities, they are toxic to both humans and dogs especially when they are green or uncooked.
Beechnuts are often consumed as a food, but unripe or raw nuts are toxic in large quantities

Common Uses: Lumber, veneer, flooring, boatbuilding, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments (piano pinblocks), plywood, and turned objects. Comments: Beech is an important and widely-used hardwood in Europe.
Its wood is strong and wears well making it ideal for a wide range of uses, from furniture boatbuilding
Beech wood is used for the stocks of military rifles when traditionally preferred woods such as walnut are scarce or unavailable or as a lower-cost alternative
oil is obtained from the seed, it is used as a fuel for lighting
 bowls, baskets and kitchen utensils.
As well as for pulp and firewood.
Fagus sylvatica hedge

Medicinal use of Beech: The bark is antacid, antipyretic, antiseptic, antitussive, expectorant, odontalgic. A tar (or creosote), obtained by dry distillation of the branches, is stimulating and antiseptic. It is used internally as a stimulating expectorant and externally as an application to various skin diseases.
boils, piles and other skin complaints
Pure creosote has been used to give relief from toothache

Photo Gallery Board / Re: A to Z - Photographs of Arillas and Corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 11, 2019, 09:29:17 AM »



kev sep 2018
Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu / Re: Walking around corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 11, 2019, 09:16:06 AM »


Populus is a genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants trees in the family Salicaceae native to most of the Northern Hemisphere
English names variously applied to different species include poplar, aspen, and cottonwood.The bark on young trees is smooth, white to greenish or dark grey
The genus has a large genetic diversity, and can grow from 15–50 m tall, with trunks up to 2.5 m in diameter
Several species of Populus in the United Kingdom and other parts of Europe have experienced heavy dieback; this is thought in part to be due to Sesia apiformis The hornet moth or hornet clearwing
You can see this tree on the Arillas trail

below The hornet moth or hornet clearwing

As the weather gets warmer, cottonwood trees will let their characteristic seeds fly, filling the air with what look like tiny white clouds. The trees are not actually related to cotton plants; instead, they are poplars,

below is a BACK COTTONWOOD   Populus trichocarpa   

Eating small amounts of cottonwood leaves can cause stomach problems, but not everyone would define that as poisoning

Cottonwood Firewood. Cottonwood firewood is a low density hardwood with a low BTU rating. Cottonwood can be tough to split when green and sometimes takes longer to dry than a lot of other tree species. When it is dry it burns fast and produces fast heat but doesn't last long and leaves a lot of ash.
Farmers use the trees around fields as a  windbreaker to protect the crops cottonwood becomes commercial veneer for utility and low-priced furniture, most ends up as fruit and berry baskets or boxes More often sold as carving blocks than lumber, cottonwood costs less than basswood.

Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. A compound called salacin, salicin…which aspirin comes from which is found in the leaves, buds and bark of cottonwood, has been proven to lower fevers and reduce inflammation and pain. ... Because cottonwood is high in antioxidants, it is useful for healing the skin, including sunburn.
The Eastern Cottonwood also had a few edible uses. Its inner bark, buds, and capsules are all edible. Its buds and cottony tufts were used as chewing gum. Its sap, which contains some sugar, is drinkable.
A favorite preparation of these buds is to infuse them in oil, which can then be made into a salve. This not only smells heavenly, but can also be used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, rheumatic pain, and bruises

Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu / Re: Walking around corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 10, 2019, 10:11:59 AM »



Primula is a genus of mainly herbaceous flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. They include the familiar wildflower of banks and verges, (P. vulgaris). P. auricula They have been extensively cultivated and hybridised - in the case of the primrose, for many hundreds of years. Primula are native to the temperate northern hemisphere, south into tropical mountains in Ethiopia, Indonesia and New Guinea, and in temperate southern South America.europe Almost half of the known species are from the Himalayas.
Primula species have been extensively cultivated and hybridised, mainly derived from P. elatior, P. juliae, P. veris and P. vulgaris. Polyanthus (often called P. polyantha) is one such group of plants, which has produced a large variety of strains in all colours, usually grown as annuals or biennials and available as seeds or young plants
The majority of primula species grow to height of 8 to 12 inches.

Are primulas and primroses the same?

They are known for being similar to primroses, but unlike primroses the flowers stand on a single stalk, proud of the leaves of the plant. Polyanthus plants are known to be a natural hybrid between the cowslip (Primula veris) and the common primrose (Primula vulgaris).

Primula obconica is the scientific name given to what is commonly known as the Poisonous Primrose. ... However, this plant can also have a negative interaction with humans because it is poisonous. This plant is on Corfu
Primula obconica (German primula) - skin irritant.

Primula Non-poisonous

Use as seasonal bedding plants parks gardens

An ointment has been made from the plant and used for treating skin wounds. It is used mostly today as an expectorant (due to saponins) and tonic to the respiratory & nervous system. It also contains salicylates which are the main ingredient of aspirin and have anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge
supporting its tonic effect on the nervous system
 swollen nose and throat and bronchitis
 trouble sleeping
muscle spasms
heart failure and many other conditions

Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu / Re: Walking around corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 10, 2019, 09:09:27 AM »


Monocotyledon Plants and Dicotyledon plants

Monocotyledons commonly referred to as monocots,  are flowering plants (angiosperms) whose seeds typically contain only one embryonic leaf, or cotyledon. They constitute one of the major groups into which the flowering plants have traditionally been divided, the rest of the flowering plants having two cotyledons and therefore classified as dicotyledons, or dicots.
Do you like to eat onions? The part of the onion plant that we actually eat is a group of compressed leaves. If you look closely at them, you will see that the veins of the leaves all run parallel, demonstrating that the onion is a monocotyledon plant.
Monocotyledons are any plants that have flower parts in multiples of three, leaf veins that run parallel and adventitious roots. Common examples include tulips, onions, garlic and lilies


Bermuda grass.
Lucky bamboo.

dicotyledons  also known as dicots The name refers to one of the typical characteristics of the group, namely that the seed has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. There are around 200,000 species within this group
 flowering plant with an embryo that bears two cotyledons (seed leaves). Dicotyledons constitute the larger of the two great divisions of flowering plants, and typically have broad stalked leaves



The leaves of the dicot plants have veins that form a branched pattern, The veins are actually netted or webbed on the whole surface of the leaf.
Photo Gallery Board / Re: A to Z - Photographs of Arillas and Corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 09, 2019, 09:52:37 AM »



kev sep 2018
Walking in Arillas and north west Corfu / Re: Walking around corfu
« Last post by kevin-beverly on January 09, 2019, 09:42:17 AM »


Night-Blooming Jasmine

I have seen this beautiful plant in Arillas or near by

Cestrum nocturnum (common names include night-blooming jasmine, night-blooming cestrum is a species of Cestrum in the plant family Solanaceae (the potato family) nightshade family
C. nocturnum is an evergreen woody shrub growing to 4 m The flowers are greenish-white, with a slender tubular corolla
Cestrum nocturnum is grown in subtropical regions as an ornamental plant for its flowers that are heavily perfumed at night. It grows best in average to moist soil that is light and sandy
Like all other flowering plants, jasmine also produces a flower-inducing hormone in its leaves when exposed to bright sunlight. This hormone is called florigen (flower-generating hormone) and it migrates from the leaves to flowering shoots during the day. ... So due to this jasmine bloom at night .The fruit is a berry 10 millimetres long by 5 mm diameter, either marfil white or the color of an aubergine. There is also a variety with yellowish flowers.

All members of the Solanaceae family contain an alkaloid toxin called solanine,
Night blooming jasmine not only produces clusters of fragrant flowers, it also produces attractive clusters of small white berries. As with other members of the nightshade family, these berries are toxic to humans and many animals if ingested
 Do not ingest any part of the plant, and
Though, that the fragrance from the flowers can irritate the airways of asthma sufferers,
Some people, especially those with respiratory sensitivities or asthma, have reported difficulty breathing, irritation of the nose and throat, headache, nausea, or other symptoms when exposed to the blossom's powerful scent
 The smoke from any part of this plant, if burnt, should not be inhaled.

Essential Oil-perfume-shampoo-Essence sticks-soaps-creams
grown as an ornamental hedge as well as a shrub

The medicinal properties of night blooming jasmine include antioxidant, anti-hyperlipidemic, hepatoprotective, analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-convulsant, anti-HIV and larvicidal activities shown to inhibit tumour growth
against Staphylococcus aureus

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